This study defines the concept of “prime mover” as the, October 2014 Upon revealing it, Diomedes realizes that their fathers had practiced xenia with each other, they are guest-friends. Diomedes and Glaucus, upon reciting their lineages, realize that Glaucus' grandfather had once hosted Diomedes' grandfather as a guest. Diomedes goes on to say,”That makes me your friend and you my guest / If ever you come to Argos, as you are my friend / And I your guest whenever I travel to Lycia” (6.231-233). Homer’s Use of Similes and the Impact on an Unsuspecting Audience Zeus himself is considered the patron of Xenia, often known as Zeus Xenios. There’s a perfect example in the Iliad where the Greek hero Diomedes (famously the best of the Achaeans – sit down, Achilles) stumbles upon a Lycian (an ally of the Trojans) by the name of Glaucus in the melee. All rights reserved. Diomedes comes out ahead in this exchange because his bronze armor is worth only nine oxen, while the golden armor of Glaukos is worth one hundred oxen, but the two men part as comrades. Diomedes and Glaucus meet in battle and before attacking, the former asks the lineage of the latter. This preview shows page 19 - 22 out of 59 pages. An analysis of The Iliad and The Odyssey will show three similarities and three differences between Achilles and Odysseus. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Diomedes’ offer to host Glaucus “if ever you [Glaucus] come to Argos”, as well as Glaucus’ implied agreement to host Diomedes, shows that they are not now simply aware of the other’s lineage, but instead have a deep friendship inspired by nothing more than the virtue of the xenia of times past. Odysseus, hero of the book The Odyssey, is simply fighting to get home. 6) Meeting of Glaucus and Diomedes (120ff. Copyright © 2000-2020. Looking deeper into their respective works, Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, Homer’s Iliad and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata all show a common theme in ancient Greek life –life in the context of war. At the end of Diomedes’ speech to Glaucus about friendship, Diomedes is on his aristea and devastating the Trojan ranks when he notices a man, Glaucus, Hippolochus’ son. Glaucus. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! No, it’s not a TV series from the 90s; it’s the Ancient Greek concept of hospitality. The word “ties” implies more than just a slight connection between the two warriors, and the action of both of these men solidifies that idea. In the historical, images of men fighting for glory. Calpyso’s hosting (*cough* imprisonment) of Odysseus for seven years on her island breaches Xenia because she refuses to stop entertaining him and does not let him return to his own home, even after he had indicated he wanted to leave. Diomedes and Glaucus meet in no man's land. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Only a fool or a nobody would challenge the friend who is entertaining him in a strange country. Glaucus’ response: Men mean nothing, what difference does it make? As ever, keep an eye on the blog for more cool Classics facts and memes (that’s right, we know what you really want). “I invite you who are sceptered princes to my palace to entertain our visitor indoors. Diomedes asks Glaucus of his lineage, claiming that he does not fight gods Glaucus’ response: Men mean Although both the epic heroes are put through some of the same very tough and difficult situations, it doesn’t mean they are quite the same person. The themes: the power of a name, guest-friendship, glory, and honor appear in books six through eight of The Iliad. (his idea of honor isn’t the same as Zeus’), Yes, Achilles’ honor includes death of Patroclus (485ff. Helicon Storytelling Ltd. is a company registered in England and Wales with company number 11323958. To mark the friendship, they even trade armour on the battlefield (though through some divine trickery, Glaucus gets fleeced and trades solid gold armour worth a whopping 100 oxen for Diomedes’ frankly much less garish bronze armour, worth a paltry 9 oxen – yes that’s a legitimate currency). As we said, the Odyssey is the perfect introduction to the concept, portraying and perverting it in fascinating ways – you’d be hard-pressed to find a story in there that isn’t really about Xenia. The Achaeans respect it above nearly all else, and failure to adhere to its strict customs could lead to the forfeiture of countless souls. There is a noticeable pattern Homer employs which involves using everyday Greek activities in these similes in order to make them more relatable to his audience. On the other hand, to open your home to them often proved very beneficial, as in the story of Baucis and Philemon, two paupers who were the only ones to invite a disguised Zeus and Hermes into their home. ( Log Out /  He also shared Telemachus that he lost a lot of friends during the Trojan war. It was only after several days of this, as well as the promise of gifts, that the host was allowed to ask the guest’s name; this was ultimately to ensure that hospitality was not based on self-interest. Diomedes. The Importance Of Occupational Safety And Health, Misrecognition And Recognition In Villette, By Charlotte Bronte, Personal Statement: My Search For A Career In Pharmacy. ); Diomedes won’t fight gods (129), Diomedes asks Glaucus of his lineage, claiming that he does not fight gods. a modern experiment in ancient oral storytelling. It seems as if it would be possible to find a simile within just a few pages of the book if opened to a random chapter. Apart from messing with people, the gods do actually have an incredibly important role within Xenia. “For who would fight his host? Homer’s works, The Odyssey and The Iliad, and Virgil’s The Aeneid are just a few of the most famous literary works that pertain to that particular story. Glory elevates honor, meaning that same actions that help one obtain glory can also yield honor to the person, or the person’s family. They trade armor (Glaucus’ armor is made of gold; Diomedes’ is made of, Zeus took away Glaucus’ wits during this trade; if he hadn’t, then Glaucus, might have been focusing on the fact that his armor is more valuable and, might have polluted their relationship of xenia, Hector enters Paris’ chambers spear first (334-36), Paris has been swept into his bed and saved from the duel (Aphrodite tells, Helen to greet him and Helen gets cheeky with Aphrodite – eventually Helen, Hector enters with his dick out; “if you keep acting like a bitch, I’m going to, Andromache’s moving, practical speech (433ff. Looking for a quick reprieve from all the slicing and dicing, the two strike up a conversation and realise their grandfathers were guest-friends. Profile: Zeus and Poseidon, Artemis and Athena, Apollo (weds), University of California, Santa Barbara • CLASSICS 40, Copyright © 2020. Course Hero, Inc. Introducing Textbook Solutions. Within the Iliad, Homer incorporates these two conflicting viewpoints into a complex and deep attitude towards war. The argument is that the concept of war functions as the prime mover of Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, Homer’s Iliad and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata. The host would receive the guest and from then on a reciprocal relationship existed between them where each could count on shelter and even the receipt of gifts from the other. This is the first, and only, breach of xenia in all of the Iliad, with good cause. FREE study guides and infographics! We’re going to give the Trojans an advantage – part of plan to honor Achilles? Diomedes’ offer to host Glaucus “if ever you [Glaucus] come to Argos”, as well as Glaucus’ implied agreement to host Diomedes, shows that they are not now simply aware of the other’s lineage, but instead have a deep friendship inspired by nothing more than the virtue of the xenia of times past. ), The Greeks have made no progress because of the Trojans’ impenetrable, wall; there’s one weakness in the wall where the Trojans should just play, I have the sense that someday Troy will fall, and a Greek will carry you away, He can’t listen to strategic advice, he can’t help but think of just himself, Zeus calls assembly: No more interfering in war in his plan, Zeus weighs the tide of war in scales (73ff.) Even though Diomedes and Glaucus are two generations removed from when the host-to-guest interaction occurred, xenia carries so much weight that even many years down the line, they both still respect it enough to stop in the. Paris’ transgression against xenia is what initially agitated Menelaus’. When the Greeks hear an epic simile that uses something, are depicted for us. Contrary to this viewpoint, modern civilization sees war as an orgy of destruction that despite sometimes being necessary demolishes entire cultures and puts families into disarray and ruin. That about rounds up this whistle-stop explanation of Xenia. Helicon Storytelling’s mission is to reinvigorate the telling of stories from the Ancient World & engage with a variety of audiences, many of whom may not have had the opportunity to explore the Classical world before. There’s a perfect example in the Iliad where the Greek hero Diomedes (famously the best of the Achaeans – sit down, Achilles) stumbles upon a Lycian (an ally of the Trojans) by the name of Glaucus in the melee. Diomedes stops and asks Glaucus for his lineage, as he wants to know who exactly he is about to kill. The Odyssey – a poem obsessed with the uses and misuses of Xenia – features the interesting example of a host overindulging her guest. Epic similes are perhaps the greatest tool that Homer utilizes in the Iliad. The basis is simple: there were no hotels in the ancient world, and little in the way of inns or taverns. The story of the Iliad portrays a vial battle between the Greeks and Trojans that has been ongoing for over 9 years. First, the host had to be courteous to the guest, immediately inviting them into their home. ), They have a very intimate, erotic relationship, First division in poem (bks 1-8): begins with decision of Achilles (to sit out of, the war), ends with decision of Zeus (reveals his plan to have Patroclus die), Agamemnon desperate (Diomedes is no replacement for Achilles), sends, envoy (Odysseus, Phoenix, Ajax) to get Achilles back, Odysseus is a mastermind (clever speaker), Phoenix used to take care of Achilles (counselor, wise), List of rewards: money, women (including Briseis – he didn’t have sex with, Achilles can marry into Ag’s family (great honor/offer), Ultimate demand: Let Achilles submit to my authority, He wants Achilles to acknowledge that Agamemnon is the ultimate authority.

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