As of 2012, it was the 6th most popular breed, behind the British Shorthair, Ragdoll, Siamese, Maine Coon and Burmese. [2], The breed was not accepted for showing in Europe and the GCCF withdrew registrations in 1971 due to crippling deformity of the limbs and tail in some cats and concerns about genetic difficulties and ear problems such as infection, mites, and deafness, but the Folds were exported to America and the breed continued to be established using crosses with British Shorthairs and American Shorthairs. Scottish Folds, whether with folded ears or with normal ears, are typically good-natured and placid and adjust to other animals within a household extremely well. Other associations register them as a separate Exotic Longhair breed. [2] These animals like to be outdoors and enjoy outdoor games and activities very much. [30][31], In the US, there was an attempt to establish the silver Persian as a separate breed called the Sterling, but it was not accepted. Around the same time, the Scottish Fold cat was exported to the US, and has since been bred and exported around the world. [1] The original cats only had one fold in their ears, but due to selective breeding, breeders have increased the fold to a double or triple crease that causes the ear to lie totally flat against the head. The Scottish Fold cat, a breed of domestic cat, suffers from a form of dwarfism and carries a natural dominant-gene mutation that affects bones and cartilage in their body. As specimens closer to the later established Persian conformation became the more popular types, attempts were made to differentiate it from the Angora. [5] Scottish Folds typically have soft voices and display a complex repertoire of meows and purrs not found in better-known breeds. [28], A number of breeders produce small-stature Persian cats under a variety of names. Out-crossing also may result in losing nose and lip liner, which is a fault in the Chinchilla Longhair breed standard. [51], As a consequence of the BBC program Pedigree Dogs Exposed, cat breeders have also come under pressure from veterinary and animal welfare associations, with the Persian singled out as one of the breeds most affected by health problems. This condition also affects heterozygous Folds, but usually to a much lesser extent and at a later age. [29] These terms are considered controversial or marketing ploys as cats do not have the genetic mutations that dogs possess to produce miniature versions of themselves as cats have a strong genetic buffering mechanism that keeps the genes from mutating. The Siamese is also the source for the chocolate and lilac color in solid Persians.[26][27]. This was to make it easy for breeders who do not want Himalayan blood in their breeding lines to avoid individuals who, while not necessarily exhibiting the colorpoint pattern, may be carrying the point coloration gene recessively. CFA base colors are white, black, blue, red, cream, chocolate, and lilac. He stated that the Persian differed from the Angora in the tail being longer, hair more full and coarse at the end and head larger, with less pointed ears. The only generally accepted breeding gives a 50% chance of producing heterozygous folds and 50% chance of producing normals. FiFe stated that they will not consider recognizing Scottish Folds if breeders will not allow their breed to be scrutinized.[24]. All information to be reported/submitted to the BSAC to allow information to be collated to give an overall picture of FOCD in Scottish Folds in NZ. [6], Recent genetic research indicates that present day Persians are related not to cats from the Near East but to cats from Western Europe. [48] Dystocia, an abnormal or difficult labor, is relatively common in Persians. [5], Susie's only reproducing offspring was a female Fold named Snooks who was also white; a second kitten was neutered shortly after birth. The Persian cat is a long-haired breed of cat characterized by its round face and short muzzle. This means the Scottish Fold cat combines a known mutation with likely mutations, resulting in the breed being susceptible to polycystic kidney disease (PKD), heart disease, and degenerative joint disease, most commonly affecting the tail, ankles, and knees. [52] Animal welfare proponents have suggested changes to breed standards to prevent diseases caused by over- or ultra-typing, and prohibiting the breeding of animals outside the set limits. The Angora's hair is much longer on the shoulders and hind legs than the Persian, which Bell considered a great improvement. You can manage them any time by clicking on the notification icon. ", "2003 Breed Council Ballot Proposals and Results", "2006 Breed Council Ballot Proposals and Results", Bi-Color and Calico Persians: Past, Present and Future, Breed Profile: Persian – Solid Color Division, "CFA ANNUAL AND EXECUTIVE BOARD MEETINGS JUNE 23–27, 2004", "Dwarf, Midget and Miniature Cats – Purebreds (Including 'Teacup Cats')", "Think Twice Before you Buy A Teacup Persian Cat", Difference Between Chinchilla Rodent and Chinchilla Cat, "Palmarès du chat de race en France: Les données 2008 du LOOF", "Uniform Color Descriptions and Glossary of Terms", "Mortality of Life-Insured Swedish Cats during 1999—2006: Age, Breed, Sex, and Diagnosis", "Longevity and mortality of cats attending primary care veterinary practices in England", Aspects of Reproduction and Kitten Mortality in the Devon Rex cat And a Review of the Literature, "Brachycephalic feline noses: CT and anatomical study of the relationship between head conformation and the nasolacrimal drainage system", "Inbred pedigree cats suffering from life-threatening diseases and deformities", Feline Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Advice for Breeders, "Early-onset, autosomal recessive, progressive retinal atrophy in Persian cats", "What You Need to Know Before Bringing Home a Persian Cat", "Sotheby's Is Auctioning Off What Might Be the World's Largest Cat Painting", "Carl Kahler My Wife's Lovers Auction | Architectural Digest", "U.S. [6] Scottish folds are also popular among celebrities. Currently, they are not recognized as a separate breed by major registries and each breeder sets their own standards for size. [19] In 2004, the statement that muzzles should not be overly pronounced was added to the breed standard. [12] Recommended guidelines include: The short novel The Cat Who Went to Paris by Peter Gethers features "the most famous Scottish Fold" according to Grace Sutton of The Cat Fanciers' Association. "[15][16][17][18], In 1958, breeder and author P. M. Soderberg wrote in Pedigree Cats, Their Varieties, breeding and Exhibition[18], "Perhaps in recent times there has been a tendency to over-accentuate this type of short face, with the result that a few of the cats seen at shows have faces which present a peke-like appearance. The first documented ancestors of the Persian were imported from Khorasan, Iran, into Italy in 1620 by Pietro della Valle, and from Angora (now Ankara), Ottoman Empire (Turkey), into France by Nicholas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc at around the same time. “The Scottish Fold cat is a mixture of two of the three. Short hair Scottish Folds have thick and soft fur, with long hair Folds having longer and exceptionally dense fur around their upper thighs, toes, ears, and tail.[7]. These cookies are used to improve your experience and provide more personalized service to you. What is the difference between a Persian and a Persian Fold? [65], Other conditions which the Persian is predisposed to are listed below:[66]. However, we do see many Scottish Fold cats, as well as Persian cats and British Blue cats here at the hospital,” she said. The cartilage is not strong enough to work as a shock absorber in the joints and as such it wears out very quickly leading to severe arthritis and spinal issues,” explained Elliott. Hugely impacting its life expectancy, diseases affecting the Scottish Fold cat can create an unfair shot at life for the feline friend that is full of pain and agony. “It is against the law for a private individual to sell a pet or receive money for it here in the UAE. Terms of Use It was registered as a distinct breed in the CFA, but fell out of favor by the mid-1990s due to serious health issues; only 98 were registered between 1958 and 1995. Originally called lop-eared or lops after the lop-eared rabbit, Scottish … Longhaired Exotics are not considered Persians by CFA, although The International Cat Association accepts them as Persians. Kim, T.J. Cho, M. Schmidt-Rimpler, H. Tonoki, K. Takikawa, et al.Novel and recurrent TRPV4 mutations and their association with distinct phenotypes within the TRPV4 dysplasia family. Scottish folds are also prone to degenerative joint disease, most commonly affecting the tail, ankles, and knees which can result in reduced range of motion.[7].

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